Hong Kong, located on the southeastern coast of China, was a
British colony from 1842 to 1997 when its sovereignty was transferred to China.
Hong Kong is governed as a Special Administrative Region of
China. Under the terms of the Sino-British Joint Declaration, China has
promised to give Hong Kong a relatively high degree of autonomy for at least
50 years after the transfer of sovereignty.
Under the "One Country, Two Systems" policy, Hong Kong retains its own legal
system, currency, customs policy, cultural delegation, international sport
teams, and immigration laws. China represents Hong Kong only in foreign affairs
For a more detailed
country profile, see CIA World Factbook on Hong Kong.