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China

 

 

Puppet Banks Under Japanese Occupation (1932-1945)

 

100 Yuan, 1942
Central Reserve Bank of China

100 yuan (1942) front
100 yuan (1942) back

Enlarge: Front100 yuan (1942) front
 & Back100 yuan (1942) back

Front: Sun Yat-sen (1866-1925), revolutionary leader and President of China 1912-1913

Sun Yat-sen, trained as a physician, is known as the "father of modern China". He led the revolution that eventually overthrew the Qing Dynasty in 1911. He was the first provisional president when the Republic of China was founded in 1912. He later co-founded the Kuomintang, the Nationalist Party, where he served as its first leader. In 1924 he adopted the "Three Principles of the People" (nationalism, democracy and social reform). He also established the Whampoa Military Academy with Chiang Kai-Shek as Commandant. He died of cancer in 1925.

Back: Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum in Nanjing

 

Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum

Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum

Enlarge: MausoleumSun Yat-sen Mausoleum

 

100 Yuan, 1938 (1944)
Federal Reserve Bank of China

100 yuan 1938 (1944) front
100 yuan 1938 (1944) back

Enlarge: Front100 yuan 1938 (1944) front
 & Back100 yuan 1938 (1944) back

Front: Huang-ti (2698 BC-2599 BC), a legendary Chinese sovereign and cultural hero

Huang-ti, the Yellow Emperor, is said to be the ancestor of all Han Chinese. He has been credited with the invention of the principles of Traditional Chinese medicine, the invention of the compass, and the invention of the earliest form of the Chinese calendar. The actual existence of the Yellow Emperor, however, is questionable. The period of his reign precedes written Chinese history by more than a thousand years. Thus, the tales of his exploits might easily be embellished.

Back: 100 Yuan

 

5 Yuan, 1938 (1939)
Federal Reserve Bank of China

5 yuan 1938 (1939) front
5 yuan 1938 (1939) back

Enlarge: Front5 yuan 1938 (1939) front
 & Back5 yuan 1938 (1939) back

Front: Yueh Fei (1103-1141), a famous general and national hero

Yueh Fei led numerous successful defenses of the Southern Song Dynasty against invasions of the nomadic Juchen from the north.

Back: Pagoda

 

5 Yuan, (1941)
Federal Reserve Bank of China

5 yuan (1941) front
5 yuan (1941) back

Enlarge: Front5 yuan (1941) front
 & Back5 yuan (1941) back

Front: Yueh Fei (1103-1141), a famous general and national hero

Back: 5 Yuan

 

10 Yuan, (1943)
Federal Reserve Bank of China

10 yuan (1943) front
10 yuan (1943) back

Enlarge: Front10 yuan (1943) front
 & Back10 yuan (1943) back

Front: Kuan Yu (162-219), famous general

Kuan Yu was a military general under the warlord Liu Bei during the late Eastern Han Dynasty and Three Kingdoms period in ancient China. He played a significant role in the civil war that led to the collapse of the Han Dynasty and the establishment of the Kingdom of Shu, of which Liu Bei was the first emperor.

Back: 10 Yuan

 

100 Yuan, (1944)
Federal Reserve Bank of China

100 yuan (1944) front
100 yuan (1944) back

Enlarge: Front100 yuan (1944) front
 & Back100 yuan (1944) back

Front: Huang-ti (2698 BC-2599 BC), a legendary Chinese sovereign and cultural hero

Huang-ti, the Yellow Emperor, is said to be the ancestor of all Han Chinese. He has been credited with the invention of the principles of Traditional Chinese medicine, the invention of the compass, and the invention of the earliest form of the Chinese calendar. The actual existence of the Yellow Emperor, however, is questionable. The period of his reign precedes written Chinese history by more than a thousand years. Thus, the tales of his exploits might easily be embellished.

Back: 100 Yuan

 

100 Yuan, (1945)
Federal Reserve Bank of China

100 yuan (1945) front
100 yuan (1945) back

Enlarge: Front100 yuan (1945) front
 & Back100 yuan (1945) back

Front: Huang-ti (2698 BC-2599 BC), a legendary Chinese sovereign and cultural hero

Back: 100 Yuan

 

1 Yuan, (1938)
Mengchiang Bank

1 yuan (1938) front
1 yuan (1938) back

Enlarge: Front1 yuan (1938) front
 & Back1 yuan (1938) back

 

50 Fen, (1941)
Central Bank of Manchukuo

50 yuan (1941) front
50 yuan (1941) back

Enlarge: Front50 yuan (1941) front
 & Back50 yuan (1941) back

Front: Chien Lung (1711-1799), Ching Dynasty Emperor 1735-1796

Chien Lung was the fourth emperor of the Ch'ing (Manchu) dynasty. He conducted a series of military campaigns that eliminated the Turk and Mongol threats to northeastern China (1755-60), enlarged his empire by creating the New Province (modern Sinkiang), and reinforced Chinese authority in the south and east.

Back: Old Chinese-styled building

Empire (before 1911)
Republic - Central Bank of China | Other Chinese Banks
Peoples Republic 1948-1972 | 1980-1990 | 1999-2000 | 2005-2015
Taiwan | Puppet Banks | Military Occupation

Back to Asia

China, located in eastern Asia, has one of the world's longest uninterrupted civilizations, dating back more than six millennia. For centuries, China was the world's most advanced civilization, and the cultural center of East Asia, with an impact lasting to the present day.

China is the source of many great inventions including Paper, the compass, gunpowder, and printing. China was also the first country to use paper money.

In 1911, the Nationalist Party under Dr. Sun Yat-sen overthrew the Ch'ing Dynasty and established the republic. However, the Chinese Civil War following WWII resulted in two Chinese states in 1949: People's Republic of China on the mainland, and the Republic of China in Taiwan.

For a more detailed country profile, see CIA World Factbook on China.

 

 

 

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