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United States

 

1862-1890 | 1891-1899 | 1901-1934 | 1957-2009

 

 

Silver Certificate 1 Dollar, 1891

silver certificate 1 dollar 1891 front
silver certificate 1 dollar 1891 back

Enlarge: Frontsilver certificate 1 dollar 1891 front
 & Backsilver certificate 1 dollar 1891 back

Collectors call it the "Martha" note because it pictures Martha Washington, the only real-life woman whose portrait has appeared on a U.S. currency note. The first Martha notes were issued in 1886. This 1891 issue has a different reverse design. There are currently only 1,291 notes known to exist with this one being among the higher graded ones.

 

Martha Washington

 

Silver Certificate 1 Dollar, 1896

silver certificate 1 dollar 1896 front
silver certificate 1 dollar 1896 back

Enlarge: Frontsilver certificate 1 dollar 1896 front
 & Backsilver certificate 1 dollar 1896 back

The One Dollar Note of 1896, better known as the "Educational" was designed by Will H. Low and engraved by Charles Schlecht.

It shows an allegorical history instructing the youth of America ( pointing at the Constitution ) with the Washington Monument and Capitol building in the background, engraved in black with a red seal. The names of great Americans appear in wreath decorating the outer edge of the notes including Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, William T. Sherman, James Fennimore Cooper, Abraham Lincoln, Robert Fulton, John C. Calhoun, Washington Irving, Henry Clay, Andrew Jackson, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, Alexander Hamilton, Oliver H. Perry, John Marshall, Daniel Webster, Samuel Morse, Nathaniel Hawthorne, George Bancroft, Ulysses S. Grant, David G. Farragut, and Ralph Waldo Emerson.

Signed by the Register of the Treasury & the Treasurer of the United States. The reverse of this silver certificate depicts Martha & George Washington.

 

Allegorical Woman and Boy

 

Silver Certificate 5 Dollars, 1896

silver certificate 5 dollars 1896 front
silver certificate 5 dollars 1896 back

Enlarge: Frontsilver certificate 5 dollars 1896 front
 & Backsilver certificate 5 dollars 1896 back

When Thomas F. Morris became the chief of the Bureau of Printing & Engraving in 1893, a decision to produce a new series ($1, $2, $5) of Silver Certificate Notes was approved. He hired three famous muralists of the time (Blashfield, Low, and Shirlaw) to create scenic motifs on the different notes. They did mockups for all the denominations up to $1000 but only the three lowest values were ever produced, creating the beautiful "Educational" notes.

This note is listed #5 in the "100 Greatest American Currency Notes" and is one of the most beautiful pieces of currency ever printed in the world.

This note with Lyons-Roberts signatures is the rarest of the three signature varieties. The other two are Tillman-Morgan and Bruce-Roberts. Over 650 $5 Educationals are known, but only 20% of them have Lyons-Roberts signatures.

Front: Features the allegorical "Electricity Presenting Light to the World."

Back: Features General Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885), Commanding general during the Civil War and the 18th President of the United States; General Philip H. Sheridan (1831-1888), Union general in the American Civil War

 

Silver Certificate 1 Dollar, 1899

silver certificate 1 dollar 1899 front
silver certificate 1 dollar 1899 back

Enlarge: Frontsilver certificate 1 dollar 1899 front
 & Backsilver certificate 1 dollar 1899 back

The front features the American Eagle between portraits of Abraham Lincoln (left) and Ulysses S. Grant (right).

 

Silver Certificate 2 Dollars, 1899

silver certificate 2 dollars 1899 front
silver certificate 2 dollars 1899 back

Enlarge: Frontsilver certificate 2 dollars 1899 front
 & Backsilver certificate 2 dollars 1899 back

The front features a portrait of George Washington between allegorical figures symbolizing Commerce (left) and Agriculture (right).

 

Allegorical Woman

 

Silver Certificate 5 Dollars, 1899

silver certificate 5 dollars 1899 front
silver certificate 5 dollars 1899 back

Enlarge: Frontsilver certificate 5 dollars 1899 front
 & Backsilver certificate 5 dollars 1899 back

The Five Dollar Silver Certificate of 1899 shows the head portrait of "Ta-to-ka-in-yan-ka ", also known as Chief Onepapa (Running Antelope), a member of the Hunkpapa Sioux (a part of the Dakota Tribe - which means 'allies'). Of all the Plains tribes, the Sioux were the most resolute in resisting white men's incursions upon their land.

This is the only issue of US paper money where an Indian was selected as the central motif. The portrait was engraved by George F. C. Smillie, using the feathered war bonnet of the Pawnee tribe (so as to make it fit in the allowed space).

 

Indian Chief

1862-1890 | 1891-1899 | 1901-1934 | 1957-2009

Back to North America

Here is a nice chronological History of Money in America from 1400's to present. Thanks to Serena Castleton for suggesting the link.

United States, originally consisted of 13 former British colonies situated on the eastern coast of North America, declared independence in 1776. More states later joined the Union. By 1958 there were 48 states spanning the full breath of North America from Atlantic to Pacific oceans. In 1959 Alaska joined the Union as the 49th and Hawaii as the 50th state. For a more detailed country profile, see CIA World Factbook on United States.

 

 

 

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